When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico point out of Oaxaca, the 1st thing which usually will come to brain is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually that’s all modifying as a end result of the groundbreaking work of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by means of their firm, Mico-lógica.
Based mostly in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more typically identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s major ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to practice each Mexicans and visitors to the country in the lower-cost cultivation of a variety of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) benefit of mushrooms and to perform ongoing analysis relating to the best possible climatic areas and the variety of substrata for mushroom lifestyle.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in truth to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Sure, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my desire in mushrooms looks like a long way to journey,” Mathieu explained in a recent job interview in Oaxaca. “But there really was not much of an possibility to conduct reports and grow a enterprise in Western Europe,” he proceeds, “because reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but entirely eradicated by The Church over the training course of hundreds of years and I realized that Mexico nevertheless maintains a regard and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary value of hongos. Mexico is far from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is much more than a 5 hour travel from the closest metropolitan centre. Appropriately, Mathieu sooner or later realized that staying in Huautla, although keeping an historic allure and becoming in a geographic region conducive to operating with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to expand a company and cultivate widespread interest in understanding about fungi. Mathieu turned cognizant of the burgeoning track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom competition), held every year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu fulfilled Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom celebration. Jiménez experienced moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Town in 2002. The two shared similar interests Jiménez experienced examined agronomy, and for near to a ten years had been functioning with sustainable agriculture initiatives in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez turned business, and then existence companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom species in their fingers-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one particular-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also instructing a reasonable little bit about the medicinal utilizes of mushrooms, so much more time is required,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it truly is predominantly [but not exclusively] a course on cultivation.”
Although education seminars are now only offered in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez program to expand operations to include each the central valleys and coastal regions of Oaxaca. The item is to have a network of producers expanding diverse mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation primarily based on the particular microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and thus as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to different climatic areas is remarkable. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of different substrata, and that is what we are experimenting with right now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can prosper when developed on merchandise which would or else be squander, such as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (like the fibrous squander developed in mezcal distillation), peas, the common river reed known as carriso, sawdust, and the list goes on. Agricultural waste which may normally be left to rot or be burned, each with adverse environmental implications, can sort substrata for mushroom cultivation. It should be famous, although trite, that mushroom cultivation is a extremely sustainable, eco-friendly business. Over the previous numerous years Mexico has in reality been at the fore in numerous areas of sustainable business.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even increased environmental great:
“They can hold up to 30 thousand moments their mass, obtaining implications for inhibiting erosion. They have been utilised to thoroughly clean up oil spills via absorption and therefore are an essential vehicle for habitat restoration. psilocybin chocolate has been done with mushrooms in the struggle against carpenter ant destruction it truly is been proposed that the use of fungi has the prospective to fully revamp the pesticide sector in an environmentally helpful way. There are practically hundreds of other eco-welcoming apps for mushroom use, and in each and every circumstance the mushroom continues to be an edible by-product. Get a look at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Approaches Mushrooms Can Help save The World.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can usually be discovered offering their goods on weekends in the organic and natural markets in Oaxaca. They’re the two a lot more than satisfied to discuss the dietary benefit of their products which assortment from naturally their fresh mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with either chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 cannot be found in fruits or greens, and accordingly a diet plan which consists of fungi is very essential for vegetarians who can’t get B12, most typically contained in meats. Mushrooms can easily be a substitute for meats, with the benefit that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones frequently discovered in industrially processed meat items.
Mico-lógica also sell teas and extracts created from various mushroom species, each formulated as possibly a nutritional supplement, or for their medicinal qualities. While neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological background to prescribe mycological remedy for significant conditions, Mathieu’s own investigation points to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-history, to the present. He notes houses of mushrooms which can assist to restore the immune technique, and thus the use of fungi as a enhance in the treatment of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetic issues and treating high cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the organic production of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It really is so simple, it includes a small capital expenditure, and it provides important benefits, equally for these ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal reasons, and for the producers, even modest scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Nevertheless most of the dried mushrooms marketed in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural and organic. It is a genuine disgrace on many stages.”
Mexico and mushrooms have occur a extended way because the era of Oaxaca’s María Sabina. With the ongoing attempts of Mathieu, Jiménez and Mico-lógica, it should not be long before the entire world understands and embraces the magic of mushrooms in a significantly broader context.